Host families should be well-informed and committed before undertaking this responsibility. Consulting an experienced immigration attorney is highly recommended at every stage.
Visa Options for Caregivers
J-1 Visa for Caregivers
Ideal for temporary stays (up to a year) for caregivers who aren’t seeking permanent residency.
Participation in au pair or exchange programs enables foreign individuals to work as caregivers within U.S. households.
H-2B Visa for Caregivers
Offers temporary employment for specific individuals but is limited in quantity.
Host families must demonstrate the unavailability of domestic caregivers and adhere to Department of Labor regulations.
B-2 Visa for Caregivers
For hosts visiting the U.S. for an extended period, allowing their caregiver to accompany them.
Falls under the tourist category and can be renewed in 6-month intervals.
Green Card Sponsorship Process for Caregivers/Nannies
For caregivers seeking permanent residency, host families can act as sponsors in the green card application process. However, this process is lengthy and demanding, requiring commitment from both parties.
Employment-Based 3rd Preference Category
The caregiver may need to be petitioned under this category, designed for both skilled and unskilled workers.
The host family must file for a Permanent Labor Certification, demonstrating the need for full-time foreign employment.
Form I-140 Filing
Host families file this form with USCIS, providing evidence of their ability to pay the offered wage and the caregiver’s qualifications.
Supporting documents, including job duties, past employer letters, and relevant information, are crucial.
Timeline and Required Documents for Caregivers/Nannies
While there’s no fixed timeline, expect the sponsorship process to take several months. The process involves numerous steps, including filing for Permanent Labor Certification and Form I-140. Additional time may be necessary for the caregiver to apply for and receive permanent residence.
Required Documents for Sponsors
Certified Application for Permanent Employment Certification from the DOL
Proof of ability to pay the offered wage (tax returns, pay stubs, financial statements)
Prevailing Wage Determination (Form ETA 9141)
Original job offer letter
Documentation from the caregiver’s current and former employers, showcasing their skills
Sponsorship Beyond Live-In Arrangements
Sponsorship isn’t restricted to live-in caregivers. Regardless of the caregiver’s living arrangements, they can be eligible for a temporary visa or green card if the process is correctly followed. Hosts unsure about the impact of living arrangements on the visa or green card should consult an immigration attorney.
Consulting an Immigration Lawyer for Caregivers/Nannies
Given the complexity of immigration laws, seeking guidance from an employment-based immigration lawyer is advisable. H1B Visa Immigration Law Group, with over four decades of experience, provides comprehensive employment-based immigration services.
Their expertise in green card and visa processes can ease the nuances of paperwork and ensure a smoother journey.